Developed in a lab on the 120th floor of Arasaka Towers in 2013, the Soulkiller program creates an engram of a person's mind, and a modified version of it was used by Arasaka in their Secure Your Soul program, and they acted as if it would create a digital copy of their mind and make immortal.
The Soulkiller, after creating the engram utilizing an advanced matrix recorder, stores it in a huge database, and Arasaka's own part of cyberspace known as Mikoshi. It then wipes the original personality away, leaving a mindless husk that eventually dies. Information regarding their access point locations or technical specifications is classified, and any request to know about them is denied, however access points can be found in every major Arasaka Tower HQ found worldwide.
In 2013, Alt Cunningham was abducted by Arasaka and experimented on by Toshiro to test the Soulkiller software. Johnny Silverhand mistakenly disconnected Alt from the Netrunner chain, believing she was undergoing a test of some sort. This caused the link between Alt's engram and body to disconnect, effectively killing physical embodiment in the process and leaving her stranded in the net.
In 2023, shortly after the nuclear bombing of Arasaka Tower, Saburo Arasaka ordered the Soukiller to be used on Johnny Silverhand, who had been captured and evacuated from Night City before the bomb detonated. Silverhand's mind was later transferred to the Relic.
In 2077, after multiple Relic 1.0 failures, Hellman decided to try out the 2.0 experimental version due to pressure from Yorinobu Arasaka and his investors. With a long list of VIP engrams ready to be used due to Soulkiller being used in secret, Hellman decided to put Johnny Silverhand's engram on the new version of the Relic due to belief that the experimental version would fail and would destroy an undesirable engram like Johnny Silverhand in the process.
Alt Cunningham appears after V breaches the blackwall to ask about the Soulkiller program. It is revealed that she is not Alt Cunningham but an image of her due to Johnny Silverhand severing the connection between her engram and body which hosted her consciousness while trying to rescue her. For 50 years she held onto the image of Alt to ensure she did not get turned into complete data like other AIs.
Path of Glory/Assault on Arasaka - Ending
It is later revealed by the AI version of Alt Cunningham that the Soulkiller only copies the psyche and memories of a person, effectively killing the person in the process and does not transfer a consciousness to the engram or net. But if the host is still connected to the Soulkiller the engram can be transferred back to the host's body and overwrite any previous engram's on it, giving V a chance to overwrite Johnny Silverhand's psyche and memories from their brain while keeping their consciousness and memories, as Hellman was planning on leaving Arasaka.
Johnny Silverhand's engram later admits that he has always been dead due to the Soulkiller actually killing souls and believes his nature is to rebel from beyond the grave to honor the real Johnny Silverhand's mission. After this realization, Johnny Silverhand decides to save V's consciousness and memories by leaving the Relic and following Alt Cunningham beyond the Blackwall and to fuse with her mind as raw data along with other engrams that are trapped in Mikoshi.
Despite V successfully removing Johnny's engram, they're always given 6 months to live regardless of ending due to the neural damage that the Relic caused them.
The Devil - Ending
Arasaka successfully commercializes the Relic program after Hellman reports to Hanako Arasaka the results of V and Johnny Silverhand's Relic malfunction. The first subject for this program becomes Yorinobu who had failed a hostile takeover of Arasaka and was on the verge of killing himself before V intervened. To restore his honor he agrees with Hanako that he will let his father take over his body and mind, who had his body secretly subjected to the Soulkiller program after his death. While Alt is not present to clarify the repercussions of being Soulkilled, several characters, including V, will point out that engrams from the dead are not really human consciousnesses but simply data masquerading as them.
Unfortunately Arasaka fails to save V's mind from deteriorating after surgically removing the Relic from their head. According to Arasaka, Johnny's imprint is wiped and destroyed but that doesn't stop him from visiting him in his dreams. Due to V's mind deteriorating and Arasaka being unable to help, they have the option to save their engram with Soulkiller and have it transferred to Mikoshi until they can find a suitable body, if ever. This essentially means V chooses death while their data can be stored somewhere for the far future, according to Hellman or Takemura.
- Lizzy Wizzy is an artist whose manager tries to submit to the Soulkiller program in hopes of eradicating the bad parts of her psyche.
- Arasaka, out of ethical concerns, will only create one engram out of a subjects mind and kill the subject's body afterwards to ensure no other copies can be created. This means that engrams are essentially treated as data backups by Arasaka.
- (The above point needs confirmation. There are shards in Arasaka tower stating otherwise, that multiple engrams are made [Shard: Secure Your Soul: Short-term Priority], and that the only time death occurs is when an accident occurs with the target person.)
- According to internal Arasaka logs, the goal of the Soulkiller project is to copy artists, cultural icons and important people for commercial purposes under the guise of Immortality.
- All engrams submitted through the Soulkiller program to Arasaka are treated as property and can be destroyed at any time.
- Engrams are stored in low Earth orbit and under Arasaka tower.